The human heart is one of the most remarkable muscles in the body. In a single year, the average person’s heart beats around 35 million times, which means in the course of an average lifetime the average persons heart will beat between 2.5 to 4 billion times. With each beat the heart is responsible for pumping blood around the arteries, veins and vessels in the body, circulating oxygen throughout the body and helping to ensure the proper functioning of all the major organs in the body.
Non invasive cardiology refers to a set of procedures that designed to test and diagnose the various parts of the heart. The heart consists of three layers of tissue;
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There are four chambers that make up the heart, two on either side, the lower chambers are called ventricles and the two sides of the heart are separated by a wall of muscle called the septum. The cardiovascular system also consists of an electrical system, this is in addition to the arteries, valves, blood vessels, capillaries and muscles means that the heart is an organ that is subject to a wide variety of diseases. This makes diagnostic procedures such as electrocardiogram EKG extremely important in understanding the best method of treatment of heart conditions and the majority of these tests are non invasive.
Our expert team of cardiologists conduct non-invasive external tests using the latest advances in modern technology to help diagnose arrhythmias, coronary heart disease and heart failure. These external tests are minimally invasive and can help provide important information to the cardiology team about blood flow, valve disease, the heart’s electrical health and other heart problems. Specifically, these diagnostic tests are used to diagnose heart arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), help diagnose coronary heart disease, aid multiple screening programmes, and carry out follow-up checks after cardiac surgery, angioplasty and ablation.
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Wherever you are in your heart care medical journey, a general or non-invasive cardiologist is the best place to start when it comes to potential cardiology treatment or heart surgery. As the expert that has a holistic and comprehensive view of heart health, non-invasive cardiologists specialize in diagnosing, treating and managing all forms of cardiovascular disease.
If you haven’t been diagnosed with heart disease, non-invasive cardiologists can help manage risk factors, perform preventative tests and work with you to be proactive about your heart health.
As well as the diagnostic tests that use technologies such as ultrasound and other cardiovascular health measuring devices, we also use portable devices to monitor patients' blood pressure & heartbeat rhythm during the course of a regular day in each patient's life, which helps us to holistically diagnose potential heart problems and conditions.
One of the devices that are used in the event high or low blood pressure is suspected, or if a patient presents symptoms of fainting is a blood pressure monitor. This device is often attached to the upper arm or around the waist and will take readings at regular intervals with the results reviewed by a cardiology specialist.
Exercise tolerance tests (ETT) are mainly used to help diagnose the cause of chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath and fainting while exercising. ETTs are also a useful screening tool for patients who have a family history of sudden cardiac death. A 12-lead ECG is constantly monitored by the cardiac physiologist for irregular heartbeats. To help the diagnosis, blood pressure is recorded every three minutes and the amount of oxygen in the blood can also be recorded if required.
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is similar to an ETT but it also measures how your lungs are working and muscle function. It is mainly used to assess the wellbeing of patients with congenital heart disease and patients who are having or have had surgery. It is also used to grade heart failure in a range of patients with different cardiac diseases. It is a comprehensive test involving the measurement of a 12-lead ECG, VO2, VCO2, (oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production), respiratory quotient, ventilatory efficiency, blood oxygen saturation and blood pressure at rest and on exertion. The test is a very comprehensive test and plays a part in doctors’ clinical decisions.
Dr. Gehad El Gergawy
Director of Preventive Cardiology
Dr. Moutaz El Kadri
Dr. Mouna Mohamdioua
Dr. Arif Al Nooryani
Dr. Rafik Abu Samra
Consultant Cardiac Surgeon
Head of Wound care management Clinic