Valiant Clinic & Hospital in Dubai offers expert diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of thyroid disorders.
Our team of endocrinologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid diseases, including thyroid cancer, enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), and thyroid nodules.
Our clinic consultants have a wealth of knowledge on the full range of thyroid disorders and conditions, and provide step-by-step support throughout your treatment journey.
WHAT IS THE THYROID GLAND
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, just below the Adam's apple. This gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism, heart rate, and body temperature. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
Thyroid cancer occurs in the thyroid gland and starts as a slow-growing thyroid nodule. In most cases, the prognosis for thyroid cancer is excellent, but in some cases, it can be more aggressive and grow faster.
Poorly differentiated and anaplastic carcinoma are rare but more common in older adults.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Thyroid cancer does not typically cause any signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease.
As the cancer progresses, symptoms such as a lump in the front of the neck, difficulty swallowing, mild pain in the neck, hoarseness and voice changes, and swollen lymph nodes around the thyroid may develop.
There are several risk factors associated with thyroid cancer, including being female, being between the ages of 30-50, having a family history of thyroid cancer, and having been exposed to radiation to the head and neck.
Thyroid cancer is typically discovered during a routine physical exam of the neck, where a lump or nodule in the thyroid is noticed.
Additional tests, such as blood tests, thyroid ultrasonography, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy, may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment for thyroid cancer typically begins with surgery to remove the cancerous tissue. This may be a unilateral (hemi thyroidectomy) or bilateral (total thyroidectomy) procedure, and may also involve the removal of lymph nodes around the neck.
In some cases, radioactive iodine ablation may be used after surgery to destroy any remaining healthy thyroid tissue and microscopic areas of cancer that were not removed during surgery. Thyroid hormone supplementation therapy may also be necessary to provide the body with the thyroid hormones that are no longer produced after total thyroidectomy.
Long-term follow-up is also an important aspect of treatment for thyroid cancer, with regular monitoring for disease recurrence.
ENLARGED THYROID GLAND (GOITER)
An enlarged thyroid gland, also known as a goiter, occurs when the thyroid gland becomes swollen. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including iodine deficiency, autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto's disease, and the presence of thyroid nodules.
UNDERACTIVE THYROID (HYPOTHYROIDISM)
Underactive thyroid, also known as hypothyroidism, occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. This can lead to symptoms such as weight gain, fatigue, muscle weakness, and irregular menstrual cycles.
Thyroid nodules are small lumps that form in the thyroid gland. They can be benign or cancerous and may be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic mutations and exposure to radiation.
REQUEST AN APPOINTMENT
A member of our team will reach out to you & quickly get you booked in for an appointment with the most relevant member of our thyroid clinic team.