TYPE 2 DIABETES CLINIC

TYPE 2 DIABETES

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition caused by lifestyle factors, such as poor diet and lack of physical activity, that affects the way the body processes blood sugar. It is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for around 90-95% of all diabetes cases.

WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES?

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar. Unlike Type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disorder, Type 2 diabetes is often caused by lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity. It is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for around 90-95% of all diabetes cases.

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes can be subtle and may not appear for many years. Common symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet

RISK FACTORS

There are several risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes, including:

  • Age (risk increases as you get older)
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Prediabetes

DIAGNOSIS

Type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed using a combination of blood tests. These may include:

  • A1C test: measures average blood sugar levels over the past two to three months
  • Fasting blood sugar test: measures blood sugar levels after fasting for at least 8 hours
  • Oral glucose tolerance test: measures blood sugar levels after fasting and then again 2 hours after drinking a sugary liquid

Diabetes is treated with daily insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump. This replaces the insulin that the body is unable to produce. People with Type 1 Diabetes will also need to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly and make adjustments to their insulin doses based on the results.

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    TREATMENT

    Type 2 diabetes is typically managed with a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, and monitoring. Treatment may include:

    • Lifestyle changes: including diet and exercise to manage weight and blood sugar levels
    • Medication: including oral diabetes medications and/or insulin to help manage blood sugar levels
    • Monitoring: regular blood sugar testing and regular check-ups with a healthcare provider
    • Weight management: Losing weight and keeping it off can help improve insulin sensitivity and lower the risk of developing diabetes-related complications

    COMPLICATIONS

    Type 2 diabetes can lead to a range of serious complications if left untreated, including:

    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Kidney disease
    • Eye disease

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