This uncommon illness is caused by alterations (mutations) in a single gene and is usually hereditary. It primarily affects younger patients and is caused by the body’s inability to produce enough insulin. In rare cases, it is caused by insulin resistance (the body’s inability to use insulin effectively). In certain circumstances, monogenic diabetes is misdiagnosed as type 1 diabetes and patients are given insulin injections. Diabetes medications, on the other hand, can be used to control the illness if it is correctly diagnosed. Tests to rule out type 1 or type 2 diabetes, such as blood glucose level tests, are used to diagnose monogenic diabetes.
There are two types of monogenic diabetes:MATURITY ONSET DIABETES OF THE YOUNG (MODY) If a parent has this gene mutation, their offspring have a 50% chance of inheriting it and will generally acquire MODY by the age of 25, regardless of their lifestyle. NEONATAL DIABETES This is often identified within the first six months of a baby’s life and differs from type 1 diabetes in that it is not an autoimmune illness.