Appendicitis is an acute inflammation of the appendix, a small, finger-shaped pouch of the intestine on the lower right side of your abdomen that projects from your colon. An appendectomy is a surgery that removes the diseased appendix.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Abdominal pain is the main symptom of appendicitis. This usually begins near the navel and progresses to the lower right side of the abdomen. As the inflammation spreads, other symptoms arise, including:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal bloating
- Loss of appetite
When the lining of the appendix becomes obstructed, inflammation begins to set in. This could be the result of several things such as a fecalith (small, rounded fecal matter), parasites or any other foreign body such as seeds that could possibly block the appendix. The germs normally found in the colon reproduce rapidly as a result of the obstruction, leading to appendix swelling and pus formation. The pus spreads and enlarges the appendix, resulting in appendicitis symptoms.
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Your medical history will be reviewed, and a thorough physical examination of your abdomen will be conducted. To confirm the diagnosis of appendicitis, additional tests and procedures will be performed, including:
- White blood count (A high white blood count can indicate infection)
- Urine test (To rule out a urinary infection as the cause of your abdominal pain)
- Imaging tests such as an abdominal X-ray or abdominal ultrasound to confirm the appendicitis
APPENDICITIS TREATMENT THROUGH LAPAROSCOPIC APPENDECTOMY
Almost all appendicitis cases need surgery to remove the inflamed appendix and prevent it from rupturing into the abdomen.
Laparoscopic appendectomy is a minimally invasive surgery in which the doctor makes multiple small incisions in your abdomen and inserts sophisticated surgical equipment and a tiny surgical camera to help effectively remove the inflamed appendix. The entire procedure only takes about 1-2 hours, during which you will be closely monitored.
Laparoscopic surgery techniques make appendectomy much less painful and invasive, with shorter recovery times. However, not all appendectomy cases can be treated with this technique. If your appendix has already ruptured and its content has leaked into your abdomen, you might need immediate open surgery to remove the appendix and clean the abdominal cavity.
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