Gestational Diabetes is caused by an increase of blood sugar (glucose) in the body that develops during pregnancy. For most women, gestational diabetes doesn’t cause many noticeable signs or symptoms. We at Valiant Clinic & Hospital can provide expert advice and treatment plans for the management of gestational diabetes. Complications that may affect you and your baby If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at increased risk of:
- The baby’s growth may lead to difficulties during the delivery and increase the chances of induced labour or a caesarean section. An increase amniotic fluid (the fluid that surrounds the baby) in the uterus, which can lead to premature labour or difficulties during
- It may increase the likelihood of a premature birth before the 37th week of pregnancy, and can also lead to high blood pressure during pregnancy, as well as other pregnancy complications
- The baby may have low blood sugar or Jaundice yellowing of the skin and eyes
- It can increase the mother’s risk of contracting type 2 diabetes in the future.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy (gestation). An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used to diagnose Gestational Diabetes.A blood sugar level of 190 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 10.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) indicates gestational diabetes. A blood sugar level below 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is usually considered normal on a glucose challenge test, although this may vary by clinic or lab. If the patient’s blood sugar level is higher than normal, another glucose tolerance test is needed to determine if the patient has Gestational Diabetes. The pregnant mother will be given an initial consultation and clarity on the diagnoses, the outcomes and the management plan. They will be seen approximately every 2 weeks, depending on the patient’s condition and requirements.Risk factors Some women have a greater risk of gestational diabetes. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include the following:
- Overweight and obesity.
- A lack of physical activity.
- Previous gestational diabetes or prediabetes.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Diabetes in an immediate family member.
- Previously delivering a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms).
- Race — Women who are Black, Hispanic, American Indian and Asian American have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes.